# Intuitive ideas about chance and probability in children from 4 to 6 years old

Vásquez, Claudia; Alsina, Ángel (2019). Intuitive ideas about chance and probability in children from 4 to 6 years old. Acta Scientiae. Revista de Ensino de Ciências e Matemática, 21(3), pp. 131-154 .

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## Resumen

This study explores intuitive ideas about chance and probability in children aged 4 to 6. For this, we conducted an exploratory study of an instructional process with 23 pre-kindergarten and kindergarten students who had not received prior instruction on the subject. The results show that students comprehensively use elementary probabilistic language and have a first informal knowledge about other notions such as sample space, possibility of occurrence, and comparison of probabilities. We conclude that most of this knowledge (basic notions of probability) depends, to a great extent, on visual support in order to compare probability or possibility of occurrence. In other words, it is confirmed that students at these early ages need to start learning the first probabilistic notions in teaching contexts that let them visualise mathematical ideas in a concrete way, using both everyday objects and manipulative materials, and direct action on these objects. In future studies, it will be necessary to continue exploring new data that contribute to the professional development of Early Childhood Education teachers, in order to refine the planning and management of mathematical practices whose purpose is the progressive acquisition of probabilistic literacy at early ages.

Tipo de Registro: Artículo 10. Otras nociones de Educación Matemática > Sistemas de representación > Otro (sistemas de representación)13. Matemáticas escolares > Probabilidad > _Otro (probabilidad)06. Aprendizaje > Procesos cognitivos > Comprensión03. Aula > Recursos didácticos > Materiales manipulativosOtros términos clave específicos no incluidos en las secciones anteriores > T-Z > Visualización Educación Infantil (0-6 años) 28512 Monitor Funes 2 16 Jun 2022 11:07 16 Jun 2022 11:07

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